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Tuesday, July 29, 2014

Fw: TheList 3670

The List 3670
 
To All,
I hope your week has started well. This is a Bubba Breakfast Friday in San Diego
Regards,
Skip
 
 
This Day In Naval History - July 29
1846 - Sailors and Marines from U.S. sloop Cyane capture San Diego, CA
1918 - Assistant Secretary of the Navy Franklin D. Roosevelt visits Queenstown, Ireland
1945 - U.S. warships bombard Hamamatsu, Japan.
 
Jul 29, 1967:
Rocket causes deadly fire on aircraft carrier A fire on a United States Navy carrier stationed off the coast of Vietnam kills 134 service members on this day in 1967. The deadly fire on the USS Forrestal began with the accidental launch of a rocket.
During the Vietnam War, the USS Forrestal was often stationed off the coast of North Vietnam, conducting combat operations. On the morning of July 29, the ship was preparing to attack when a rocket from one of its own F-4 Phantom jet fighters was accidentally launched. The rocket streaked across the deck and hit a parked A-4 Skyhawk jet. The Skyhawk, which was waiting to take off, was piloted by John McCain, the future senator from Arizona.
Fuel from the Skyhawk spilled out and caught fire. The fire then spread to nearby planes on the ship s deck and detonated a 1,000-pound bomb, which killed many of the initial firefighters and further spread the fire. A chain reaction of explosions blew holes in the flight deck and had half the large ship on fire at one point. Many pilots were trapped in their planes as the fire spread. It took a full day before the fires could be fully contained.
Hundreds of sailors were seriously injured and 134 lost their lives in the devastating fire. Twenty planes were destroyed. It was the worst loss of a life on a U.S. Navy ship since World War II. Temporary repairs were made to the ship in the Philippines before the Forrestal headed back to Norfolk, Virginia. It was repaired and put back into service the following April, but never returned to Vietnam.
John McCain narrowly escaped the fire and, afterwards, volunteered for duty on the USS Oriskany. Just three months later, his plane was shot down over North Vietnam and he was taken prisoner. He was not released until five-and-a-half years later, in 1973.
 
 
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This day in history
 
 
 
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Thanks to Micro and others who answered the question on whether yesterday's note on benzene was accurate.
 
Skip:
 
The benzene in the car email warning is a hoax from about five years ago.  Here's some info:  http://www.snopes.com/medical/toxins/benzene.asp
 
Micro
 
 
Also from Santa
The benzene article is false. The reason to open car windows first is to let out all the hot air, easing the load on the A/C.
Santa
 
 
 
 
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Thanks to Carl, Dutch and others. This has been floating around for about a week. Very graphic
 
Be sure to check out the second video below the text--it's a real killer and graphic!!  1:53 video.




When Burying a Terrorist, You Might Want to Remove the Suicide Vest First


 
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Thanks to Laurel. Intercepts of the Russians are on  the rise off our west coast
 
You might like...
 
 
 
 
 
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Thanks  to George
 
Very interesting series of maps on the Middle East.
 
 
 
 
 
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Thanks to Mugs
 
Prager explains the Middle East problem very well.

Mugs
 
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Thanks to TB
 
 
One more job I wouldn't apply for…
 
 
 
 
 
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Thanks to Bob and Cowboy
 
 
Skip,
The article on benzene is a bit overwrought. My father was an organic chemist who developed variants of plastics, even some that are water soluble.

There are a number of chemicals that outgas from new plastics. That gunk on the inside of your windshield of your new car the first few months are complex organic molecules he called plasticizers. Some times they are left overs from the reactions that make the plastic, sometimes they are catalytic compounds that make reactions more efficient. They 'evaporate' meaning heat and light force them out of the plastic matrix, and being heavy tting the ambient air flow though gives the AC a moremolecules they condense readily on anything slightly cooler.

That said, venting you car after it has been in the sun is a good idea, if for no other reason than it heats up in the sun and lets the ambient air in, which the AC has a better chance to cool.

That said, after 30 years as a PhD research chemist with a number of patents to his credit, he died of Parkinsons, not cancer. That was most likely linked to the work he did on the Manhattan project operating the gaseous diffusion plant that enriched Uranium at Oak Ridge, TN.

Bob

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Thanks to Dutch. Some quotes and history from the Great War
 
From another discussion
 
 
The lamps are going out all over Europe ; we shall not see them lit again in our lifetime.   
        - Sir Edward Grey (1867-1933)
        (remark, 3 August 1914 , on the eve of Britain 's declaration of war against Germany) 
 
 
      The War was decided in the first twenty days of fighting, and all that happened afterwards consisted of battles which, however formidable and devastating, were but desperate and vain appeals against the decision of Fate. 
         - Sir Winston Churchill (1874-1965)
          (Preface to Spears, Liaison 1914)
 
 
   Napoleon had said it was rare to find generals willing to fight battles.  The curse [of World War I] was that so few could do anything else. 
        - T. E. Lawrence ("of Arabia," 1888-1933) 
        (The Science of Guerilla Warfare)
 
 
     When every autumn people said it could not last through the winter, and when every spring there was still no end in sight, only the hope that out of it all some good would accrue to mankind kept men and nations fighting.  When at last it was over, the war had many diverse results and one dominant one transcending all others: disillusion. 
           Barbara Tuchman (1912-1989)* 
           (The Guns of August, "Afterward") 
 
 
(Although many consider the opening act of World War I to be the assassination of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand at Sarajevo - its centennial was just a month ago (28 June) - the first actual declaration of war took place a hundred years ago today, when Austria-Hungary initiated hostilities against Serbia, after the latter rejected a draconian Austrian ultimatum intended to give Austria a free hand in bringing Franz Ferdinand's killers to account.  As a result, Russia - self-appointed protector of the "South Slavs" - mobilized against Austria, which panicked the Germans (fearful of a two-front waagainst both France and her Russian ally) and so it went...   
 
28 July    Austria declares war on Serbia
1 August   Germany declares war on Russia
3 August   Germany declares war on France
4 August   Germany invades Belgium (to attack France)
           England declares war on Germany in support of Belgium
6 August    Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia
            Serbia declares war on Germany
11 August   France declares war on Austria-Hungary
12 August   England declares war on Austria-Hungary**
 
     After Germany's long-intended encirclement of Paris (under the Schlieffen plan) was thwarted by the French and British in the Battle of the Marne, the struggle on the Western Front devolved into a four-year stalemate in which the principal protagonists faced off across a line of trenches that ran from the North Sea to the Swiss border.  Despite the unprecedented bloodbath that ensued, virtually no additional ground was gained by either side before the end of the conflict in November 1918.   
 
Despite the "war-guilt" clauses of the Treaty of Versailles, which held Germany largely responsible for the hostilities and imposed extraordinary penalties and reparations, the causes of the war have been debated endlessly for most of the last century.  Of the dozen or so books I've read on the subject, two recent ones have been particularly insightful: 
The Sleepwalkers by Christopher Clark (Harper's, 2013) and The War That Ended Peace - The Road to 1914 by Margaret MacMillan (Random House, 2013).  I concluded some years ago after a good deal of reading on the subject that although there was certainly enough
blame to go around, it was primarily Austria-Hungary that caused the catastrophe because of her reckless determination to settle long-standing scores with Serbia.  Nothing I've learned subsequently has much changed that position.    
 
Be that as it may... One could argue - and I do - that World War I was the greatest misfortune that ever befell Western civilization.  It destroyed the West's belief in inevitable human progress.  It brought down the Austro-Hungarian, German, Russian, and Ottoman empires, bankrupted France and England, and put the British Empire on the skids.  It was the proximate cause of the triumph of Communism in Russia and the formation of the Soviet Union, drove the United States into two decades of international isolation, and instilled in Germany a thirst for revenge that led directly to the rise of the Nazis and World War II. 
 
Moreover, in the Middle East, Britain's and France's cack-handed and self-serving division of the remains of the Ottoman Empire was largely responsible for all the turmoil we sufferthere today. 
 
Upon learning the terms of the Versailles treaty, Germany's deposed Kaiser Wilhelm II (1859-1941) is supposed to have remarked from his exile in Holland,
"The war to end war has resulted in a peace to end peace." 
 
Alas! he was right - and all just a hundred years ago...  John 11:35)     
        
   * N.B.  Although now somewhat dated and also regularly excoriated by latter-day academic historians, Barbara Tuchman's The Guns of August (1962) was the first popularly successful account of the beginnings of World War I.  At age 22 I was absolutely enthralled by it, and Tuchman's book kindled in me a fascination with The Great War that has never faded (as you may have figured out)... 
 
   **  The United States only joined the Allies on 6 April 1917, provoked beyond endurance by Germany's unrestricted submarine warfare campaign and the German "Zimmermann telegram" - intercepted by British intelligence - which promised Mexico the return of her "lost territories" in the southwest United States in return for an alliance with a victorious Germany. 
 
An iconic image of (British) infantry in World War I:  
 
           
 
 
An addendum:
 Now long out of print, The American Heritage History of World War I (New York, 1964) concludes with a two-page spread of a picture very much like this one, captioned "The Legacy of World War I":   
 
         
 
 
 
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Item Number:1 Date: 07/29/2014 AFGHANISTAN - INFLUENTIAL RELATIVE OF PRESIDENT KARZAI ASSASSINATED IN KANDAHAR CITY (JUL 29/CNN)  CABLE NEWS NETWORK -- A suicide bomber has killed an influential cousin of Afghan President Hamid Karzai, CNN reports.   Hashmat Khalil Karzai was hosting Eid al-Fitr celebrations on Tuesday when he was attacked, said a provincial spokesman.   The bomber, with explosives hidden in his turban, disguised himself as a guest for the celebration in Kandahar city, reported AFP.   The attacker hugged Karzai and then blew himself up, said the spokesman.   Hashmat Karzai was a member of Kandahar provincial council and a campaign manager in the province for presidential candidate Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai, one of two involved in a contested election result.  
 
  Item Number:2 Date: 07/29/2014 AFGHANISTAN - PROVINCIAL POLICE CHIEF FIRED AFTER TALIBAN OFFENSIVE (JUL 29/MCT)  MARINE CORPS TIMES -- The Afghan Interior Ministry has replaced the police chief of Helmand province, reports the Marine Corps Times.   Brig. Gen. Abdul Qayum Baqizoi was removed on July 14, with former Helmand security chief Brig. Gen. Juma Gul Hemat taking his place.   The chief was trained by U.S. Marines before they left the area in June.   Baqizoi served as chief for only a few months prior to his firing.   He was sacked after the Taliban launched a major offensive in Helmand province, reported Khaama Press.   The training of the chief had been a key to the Marines' mentoring strategy, said officials.  
 
  Item Number:3 Date: 07/29/2014 AFGHANISTAN - TALIBAN MILITANTS HIT CHECKPOINTS IN NANGARHAR PROVINCE (JUL 29/KP)  KHAAMA PRESS -- Taliban militants have attacked security checkpoints in Afghanistan's eastern Nangarhar province, reports Khaama Press (Afghanistan).   The posts in the Hesarak district were targeted Tuesday morning, a provincial police spokesman said.   Officials estimated that at least 50 Taliban militants were killed or injured, while Afghan security forces suffered 12 casualties.   Those attacks mirror the beginnings of Taliban offensives in Helmand, Kandahar and Ghor provinces, in which hundreds of Taliban fighters overwhelmed security posts and district centers, noted KGS Nightwatch.  
 
  Item Number:4 Date: 07/29/2014 AFGHANISTAN - THOUSANDS OF U.S. WEAPONS UNACCOUNTED FOR, SAYS AUDIT (JUL 29/NBC)  NBC NEWS -- An audit by the U.S. Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction says that 465,000 small arms shipped to the Afghan military could fall into Taliban hands, reports NBC News.   Inventory inspections at supply depots showed missing weapons and poor record-keeping, says the report released Monday.   The weapons, which included AK-47 and M-16 assault rifles, were part of more than 747,000 weapons worth $626 million provided to the Afghan military since 2004, reported Sky News Australia.   There were some 112,000 weapons above the stated requirements for the Afghan security forces. Many of those excess weapons could end up in the hands of insurgents, says the report
 
  Item Number:5 Date: 07/29/2014 ARUBA - VENEZUELAN GENERAL, WANTED BY U.S., RETURNS TO CARACAS (JUL 29/VOA)  VOICE OF AMERICA NEWS -- A former Venezuelan general and drug suspect has been released from prison in Aruba, reports the Voice of America News.   Hugo Carvajal, who once ran the nation's military intelligence, was arrested last week when he arrived on the Dutch-run island to serve as Venezuela's consul.   Carvajal is under U.S. indictment for allegedly using his former position to assist narcotics-traffickers.   Aruba released and expelled Carvajal late Sunday, saying while he had diplomatic immunity, he was "persona non grata." Originally, Aruban officials said he had no immunity because he had not yet been accredited as a diplomat.   However, the Dutch foreign minister decided he did indeed have immunity.   A State Dept. spokesman said the U.S. made a legitimate request for Carvajal's arrest under an extradition treaty between the United States, the Netherlands and Aruba.   The U.S. government is "disturbed by credible reports ... indicating the Venezuelan government threatened the governments of Aruba, the Netherlands, and others to obtain this result," said the U.S. spokesman
 
  Item Number:6 Date: 07/29/2014 AUSTRALIA - NEW GROUND-BASED AIR, MISSILE DEFENSES UNDER CONSIDERATION (JUL 29/DN)  DEFENSE NEWS -- The Australian army has decided to replace its Saab RBS-70 very-short-range air defense missile system, reports Defense News.   The line-of-sight RBS-70 and the Lockheed Martin PSTAR-ER radar are now used for the nation's ground-based air defense (GBAD) requirements.   That combination is no longer adequate against future threats, said a military spokesman.   Accordingly, the military is developing future ground-based air and missile defense requirements, with the procurement to take place under the ongoing Project Land 17 Phase 7B, said the spokesman.   Saab Australia has pitched the Giraffe AMB (GAMB) radar and the upgraded RBS-70NG missile system as a possible solution. Australia procured three GAMBs for use in Afghanistan, but has not seen a domestic role for the systems.   The government does not plan to publicize its final requirements for the new system until next year
 
  Item Number:7 Date: 07/29/2014 CHINA - NAVY TAKES PART IN MULTIPLE EXERCISES (JUL 29/BLOOMBERG)  BLOOMBERG NEWS -- China is holding military exercises in the East China Sea, Bloomberg News reports.   Five days of drills began Monday; the Ministry of Defense called this a routine exercise.   At the same time, China is holding live-fire drills off the Gulf of Tonkin near Vietnam and drills in the Bohai Strait. Both end on Friday, said officials.   Four ships from the Chinese navy are also taking part in the U.S. Navy's international Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC) annual exercise off Hawaii
 
  Item Number:8 Date: 07/29/2014 FRANCE - LATEST A400 TRANSPORT BOASTS BETTER PERFORMANCE, SAYS AIR FORCE (JUL 29/FRAF)  FRENCH AIR FORCE -- The French air force says it has taken delivery of its third A400M military transport aircraft out of an order for 52.   The aircraft, serial number MSN10, was transferred Friday to the air force at an Airbus facility in Seville, Spain, said a service release.   The aircraft was flown to Orleans-Bricy air base, where it will join the Centre d'Experiences Aeriennes Militaires (CEAM), the air force's aerial trials unit.   This aircraft was certified in mid-May, noted the Direction Generale de l'Armement (DGA).   The service said the latest aircraft showed an improvement on the two delivered last year, with additional capacity, reported Flight Global.  
 
Item Number:9 Date: 07/29/2014 INDIA - NAVY TAKES OVER TRAINING FOR DORNIER PILOTS (JUL 29/HINDU)  THE HINDU -- The Indian navy has begun training its pilots who fly the Dornier maritime patrol aircraft, assuming duties that were previously handled by the air force, reports the Hindu.   Naval Air Squadron No. 550, the "Flying Fish," based at the Southern Naval Command in Kochi, is now running the training.   The rapidly growing air force could no longer keep spots open for naval aviators at its basic flying course in Dundigul, said officials.   The first three pilots who completed the naval unit's six-month basic conversion course are due to receive their wings on Wednesday.   They will then take a month-long course to become familiarized with surface and submarine operations, followed by six months of Dornier operational flying training, said officials
 
  Item Number:10 Date: 07/29/2014 IRAQ - BLOODY START SEEN TO MUSLIM HOLIDAY (JUL 29/REU)  REUTERS -- Iraqi police say they have found 15 bullet-riddled corpses in Baghdad, Reuters reports.   Those found on Monday included three women aged 25-30 who had been handcuffed and shot in the head execution-style just north of the Shi'ite Sadr City district, security sources said.   Monday was the first day of the Eid al-Fitr Muslim holiday that marked the end of Ramadan, prompting fears that more sectarian violence was imminent, reported Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.   Sunni militants from the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) have seized control of large swaths of northern and western Iraq, in turn prompting the formation of Shi'ite militias.   ISIS has about 3,000 fighters, estimate U.S. officials, but sympathetic Sunni recruits could bring that total close to 20,000.   Kidnappings are also on the rise in Baghdad, sources said.  
 
  Item Number:11 Date: 07/29/2014 ISRAEL - NETANYAHU WARNS OF PROTRACTED WAR (JUL 29/NYT)  NEW YORK TIMES -- Israel's prime minister has warned that he does not see the three-week-old Gaza war ending soon, reports the New York Times.   Israelis must prepare themselves for more fighting to neutralize the threats of rockets and "death tunnels" dug by Hamas, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said Monday in a televised address.   The Israeli military will not "end this operation without neutralizing the tunnels, whose sole purpose is killing our citizens," he said.   The Times reported a number of attacks on Monday in Gaza, including explosions that hit a children's play area in a Palestinian refugee camp near Gaza City and killed at least 10. Explosions were also heard near Gaza's main hospital.   A mortar attack also killed four soldiers on Israel's side of the border, and an attempted infiltration was launched by Gaza gunmen through one of the tunnels, said Israeli officials.   During the conflict, more than 1,000 Palestinians, mostly civilians, and at least 48 Israeli soldiers and three civilians have been killed, according to U.N. figures cited by the Washington Post.  
 
  Item Number:12 Date: 07/29/2014 LIBYA - DURING FIGHT AGAINST ISLAMISTS, FIGHTER JET CRASHES IN BENGHAZI (JUL 29/AFP)  AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE -- A Libyan military jet fighter has gone down in the eastern city of Benghazi, reports Agence France-Presse.   The jet that crashed Tuesday was taking part in an offensive by dissident elements of the Libyan military against Islamists.   The warplane had just attacked Islamist positions when it went down, said a witness.   It was not clear if the aircraft was shot down, said Gen. Sagr al-Jerouchi, chief of air operations for Khalifa Haftar, a renegade general.   A parachute was seen opening before the crash, the witness said.  
 
Item Number:13 Date: 07/29/2014 LIBYA - OIL WORKER BACK HOME SAFELY IN MALTA AFTER BEING KIDNAPPED BY MILITANTS (JUL 29/MALTA)  TIMES OF MALTA -- A Maltese oil worker has returned home after being released by Libyan militants who kidnapped him and held him for 11 days, reports the Times of Malta.   Martin Galea was abducted on July 17 from his car while he was on his way to work at a roadblock outside Tripoli, said officials. It remains unclear who was responsible.   A ransom was demanded from his employer, Arab Geophysical Exploration Services Company, but officials said no payment was made.   A retired captain in the Maltese armed forces, Galea was released Monday to the Maltese consulate in Tripoli, reported China's Xinhua news agency.   Throughout the day, his captors kept changing the drop off location, said officials. The location changed from Tunisia to the outskirts of Tripoli and finally the consular office.  
 
  Item Number:14 Date: 07/29/2014 LIBYA - TRIPOLI FUEL FIRE SAID TO BE OUT OF CONTROL (JUL 29/BBC)  BRITISH BROADCASTING CORP. -- Libyans in Tripoli are seeking international assistance to try to control a massive blaze that was sparked by clashes between rival militias, reports the BBC.   An errant missile strike ignited a fuel depot near the Tripoli airport on Monday, according to Libya's National Oil Company.   Firefighters had to withdraw as gun battles resumed at the airport.   A second fuel tank caught fire when it was hit by shrapnel, leading to a blaze said to be out of control.   The fuel storage site belongs to the Brega oil and gas company. It is the main hub for distribution of petrol in the city.   A statement from the prime minister's office said the government had requested help "as a precaution." Residents were urged to evacuate for fear of an explosion
 
Item Number:15 Date: 07/29/2014 OMAN - F-16 FIGHTER FLEET GETS STRENGTHENED (JUL 29/JDW)  JANES DEFENCE WEEKLY -- Oman has started to receive a new batch of 12 F-16 Fighting Falcon combat aircraft, reports Jane's Defence Weekly.   Four Block 50 F-16s departed the Lockheed Martin Facility in Fort Worth, Texas, on July 22, the company announced.   Under a US$600 million order placed in 2011, the Omani air force will receive 10 single-seat F-16C and two twin-seat F-16D aircraft. All 12 aircraft are supposed to be in Oman by November 2016.   Oman has fielded eight F-16Cs and four F-16Ds since 2006. Those F-16s will be upgraded so that the entire fleet is at a common standard, said officials
 
Item Number:16 Date: 07/29/2014 RUSSIA - E.U., U.S. TO ADD SANCTIONS AGAINST RUSSIA (JUL 29/INDEP)  INDEPENDENT -- The European Union is about to finalize new sanctions on Russian banks and energy companies, reports the Independent (U.K.).   E.U. ambassadors were prepared to approve fresh sanctions on Tuesday that will cover the Russian financial sector, energy exploration technology and arms sales.   At that point, the sanctions could be imposed within 24 to 28 hours, said a British spokeswoman.   While the measures will bring some "pain" to London, they should be seen in the context of the deaths of 298 people on Malaysia Airlines Flight 17, which was shot down over eastern Ukraine on July 17, the spokeswoman said.   The United States also plans to impose sanctions this week, according to the New York Times.   The economic measures were discussed in a five-way telephone call connecting British Prime Minister David Cameron, U.S. President Barack Obama, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, French President Francois Hollande and Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi, said officials.   Some sanctions would ban future arms deals with Moscow, but existing contracts will be allowed, including France's sale of Mistral-class warships to Russia.   The Japanese government also announced Monday that it would impose additional sanctions on Russia, reported Kyodo News. Assets held in Japan by individuals or groups directly involved in the annexation of Crimea or the instability in eastern Ukraine will be frozen
 
  Item Number:17 Date: 07/29/2014 SYRIA - MANPADS BEING GIVEN LONGER LIFESPAN WITH BATTERY UPDATES (JUL 29/NYT)  NEW YORK TIMES -- Rebels in Syria have been developing rechargeable batteries for shoulder-fired anti-aircraft missiles so they last longer on the battlefield, reports the New York Times.   The updated batteries replace the standard power source on the 1960s-era SA-7b missile system, or Strela-2, which have a short life span and cannot be recharged.   The designer of the rechargeable battery, Abu al-Baraa, told the paper he was a Syrian air force major until defecting to the rebels in 2012. His solution deals with a common problem of having more missiles than batteries, he said.   The redesign helps to offset the poor training of the rebels, who often leave the circuit on. This drains power unnecessarily, he said.   The factory-made SA-7 batteries last about 40 seconds once a missile system is switched on -- just long enough to lock on a target and fire a missile, said the designer.   His new battery is made from three groups of AA lithium-ion batteries salvaged from laptops and is said to last about 30 minutes
 
Item Number:18 Date: 07/29/2014 SYRIA - WESTERN ARMS ASSISTANCE PICKS UP FOR EMBATTLED 'MODERATE' REBELS (JUL 29/WP)  WASHINGTON POST -- Support is arriving to beleaguered members of the Syrian opposition seen as moderate by some in the West, reports the Washington Post.   The United States and its allies are accelerating the delivery of arms and ammunition to a small number of vetted opposition groups in northern Syria, near the border with Turkey, said Western diplomats and rebels.   Concerns are growing that those groups may not survive without help against the Al-Qaida-inspired Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS).   The vetted groups have been pushed out of eastern Syria by extremists and are being encircled in Aleppo by government forces, said officials.   The mainstream rebels are also suffering from defeats, desertions and infighting, said Western officials.  
 
  Item Number:19 Date: 07/29/2014 UNITED KINGDOM - BRITISH TANKS, TROOPS TO JOIN EXERCISE IN POLAND TO REASSURE NATO ALLIES (JUL 29/DN)  DEFENSE NEWS -- The Ministry of Defense in the U.K. has announced plans to deploy nearly 1,500 British troops to a major NATO exercise in Poland later this year, Defense News reports.   New British Defense Secretary Michael Fallon announced on Monday that there would be a deployment of 1,350 personnel and 350 vehicles to southwestern Poland in early October for Exercise Black Eagle.   That exercise runs into December.   The battlegroup will include 100 armored fighting vehicles, including 20 Challenger II main battle tanks, as well as about 250 support vehicles, said Fallon.   This will be the biggest British deployment to Eastern Europe since 2008, he said.   The Royal Air Force also recently sent Typhoon jets to join the NATO Baltic air-policing mission.   In addition, a regiment of British light infantry will take part in a U.S.-led exercise in Poland in late August involving 16 NATO and partner nations.   NATO has been stepping up its military presence in the region following the Ukraine crisis
 
Item Number:20 Date: 07/29/2014 USA - 1987 MISSILE TREATY VIOLATED BY RUSSIA, SAYS WHITE HOUSE (JUL 29/AFP)  AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE -- The United States has concluded that Russia has violated a 1987 arms control treaty by testing a ground-launched cruise missile, say U.S. officials cited by Agence France-Presse.   A compliance report released this year determined the violation of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty, which bars the possession, production and flight-testing of cruise missiles with a range of 500 to 5,500 km (310.7 to 3,417.5 mi), U.S. officials said.   President Obama conveyed the finding to Russian President Vladimir Putin in a letter on Monday, reported the New York Times.   Washington wants to discuss the matter with Moscow "immediately" in senior-level bilateral talks, officials said.   The tests date as far back as 2008.   In January, a State Dept. spokeswoman said Washington had concerns about a New York Times report that Moscow had begun testing a new ground-launched cruise missile in 2008. The Obama administration was said to have concluded by the end of 2011 that the tests were a compliance concern.   State's senior arms control official repeatedly raised the issue with Moscow since May 2013, she said.   The Obama administration does not believe the weapon has been deployed, noted the Times.  
 
  Item Number:21 Date: 07/29/2014 USA - AIRMEN IN NUCLEAR PROGRAM ABOUT TO BEGIN CROSS-SERVICE EXPERIENCE WITH NAVY (JUL 29/MILTIMES)  MILITARY TIMES -- The Air Force has chosen airmen from the Global Strike Command to serve with U.S. Navy submarine units, reports the Military Times.   The effort is part of the joint Striker Trident program designed to improve morale among U.S. nuclear forces.   Two airmen have been chosen to begin the program.   Capt. Patrick McAfee, from the 341st Missile Wing at Malmstrom Air Force Base, Montana, will serve with Submarine Force Pacific at Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam, Hawaii.   Capt. John Mayer, from 20th Air Force headquarters at F.E. Warren Air Force Base, Wyo., is headed to Submarine Force Atlantic in Norfolk, Va., said officials.   The program evolved from a recent cheating scandal among Air Force nuclear personnel. An investigation found that there were "too few opportunities" for "nuclear development and education."   The resulting program will rotate up to four Air Force missile and nuclear operations officers in three-year assignments with naval submarine commands. The assignments will occur with command staff, and the airmen will not embark on submarines, said officials.   The object is to provide "the opportunity to gain some valuable cross-service experience in preparation for future joint assignments," said a spokesman
 
Item Number:22 Date: 07/29/2014 USA - APACHE GUARDIANS TRAIN ABOARD AMPHIB IN PACIFIC (JUL 29/USARMY)  U.S. ARMY -- U.S. Army AH-64E Apache Guardians have performed deck landing qualifications aboard the amphibious assault ship USS Peleliu (LHA-5) off the coast of Hawaii, reports the service.   The aircraft involved were from 1st Armed Reconnaissance Battalion, 25th Aviation Regiment, 25th Combat Aviation Brigade, 25th Infantry Division, which is based at Fort Carson, Colo., said a service release on Saturday.   The operations took place on July 19 during the U.S.-led international Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC) exercise.   The deck landing qualifications were a first for the E model of the Apache, said officials. This was also the first time any Apache model took part in RIMPAC or deployed to Hawaii.   Army officials said one of the primary goals of the joint training with the Navy was to build greater maritime flexibility for the Pacific joint commander during mission planning, said officials
 
Item Number:23 Date: 07/29/2014 USA - MARINE LEADERS SEE RISKS IN REDUCTION OF ASSAULT FORCE (JUL 29/MIL)  MILITARY.COM -- A tight budget means the U.S. Marines will not get the number of amphibs it believes are necessary.   The Corps maintains it needs 38 amphibious assault ships for global operations, but it probably will get 33, reports Military.com.   The 38-ship requirement comes from a 2009 report by the chief of naval operations and the commandant of the Marine Corps. The report found that was the number needed to support two Marine Expeditionary Brigades conducting forced-entry operations.   The Navy has decided to cut five ships to deal with defense budget cuts.   On Friday, Gen. John Paxton, assistant commandant of the Marine Corps, told a House Armed Services subcommittee that the new land-based Special Purpose Marine Air-Ground Task Forces (MaGTFs) were meant to help offset the loss of the five ships.   Questioned about the risks of the lower number, Paxton said it is likely under the 33-ship plan that some ships would have to be pulled out of the maintenance yard early or a new ship would have to be put to sea too early. Doing so might hurt the ships' capability over time, he said.
 

_______________________________________________

How I Got In The Closet!



Contributed by:  Tom B.   (Thanks Tom)


video

Monday, July 28, 2014

Fw: TheList 3669

The List 3669
 
To All,
I hope you all had a great weekend.
Regards,
Skip
 
 
This Day In Naval History - July 28
1915 - Sailors and Marines land in Haiti to restore order
1916 - Navy establishes a Code and Signal Section which initially worked against German ciphers and tested the security of communications during U.S. naval training maneuvers.
1926 - Team of scientists from Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) and Carnegie Institution determine height of the Ionosphere through use of radio pulse transmitter developed by NRL
1945 - USS Callaghan (DD-792) is last ship sunk by a Japanese kamikaze attack, off Okinawa.
1973 - Launch of Skylab 3, the second manned mission to the first U.S.
manned space station, was piloted by MAJ Jack R. Lousma, USMC with CAPT Alan L. Bean, USN as the Commander of the mission and former Navy electronics officer, Owen K. Garriott as Science Pilot. The mission lasted
59 days, 11 hours and included 858 Earth orbits. Recovery by USS New Orleans (LPH-11).
 
 
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Thanks to George
 
Very interesting series of maps on the Middle East.
 
 
 
 
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Anyone heard about this before
 
Thanks to Craig
 
Car Air Conditioning
 
This is the same chemical (Benzene) which is one of the main causes of Hairy Cell Leukemia which a friend developed when he worked at Venus Ford.  It's also used as a cleaning agent to get tar, etc. off of new cars or used cars before delivery.  The cars get the tar, etc. from the factory or being transported by truck to the delivery sites.  He is surely going to be interested in this.  This is even more important to people in the Western states that get hotter than in the  Midwest and cars that are in the sun all day.
Car Air Conditioning (Please read and share)
 
This one is for all to read and then share...might help save a life.
Now this is very interesting!  My car's manual says to roll down the windows to let out all the hot air before turning on the A/C. WHY ?

No wonder more folks are dying from cancer than ever before.  We wonder where this stuff comes from, but here is an example that explains a lot of the cancer-causing incidents. 

Many people are in their cars the first thing in the morning, and the last thing at night, 7 days a week. 

As I read this, it makes me feel guilty and ill.  Please pass this on to as many people as possible.  Guess, it's not too late to make some changes.

Please do NOT turn on A/C as soon as you enter the car.

Open the windows after you enter your car and then after a couple of minutes, turn ON the AC ..

Here's why:  According to research, the car's dashboard, seats, a/c ducts, in fact ALL of the plastic objects in your vehicle, emit Benzene, a Cancer causing toxin.  A BIG CARCINOGEN.  Take the time to observe the smell of heated plastic in your car when you open it, and BEFORE you start it up  In addition to causing cancer, Benzene poisons your bones, causes an
emia and reduces white blood cells.  Prolonged exposure can cause Leukemia and increases the risk of some cancers.  It can also cause miscarriages in pregnant women.

The "acceptable" Benzene level indoors is: 
50mg per sq.
A car parked indoors, with windows closed, will contain 400-800 mg of Benzene - 8 times the acceptable level.

If parked outdoors in the sun, at a temperature above 60 degrees F, the Benzene level goes up to 2000-4000 mg, 40 times the acceptable level. People who get into the car, keeping the windows closed, will eventually inhale excessive amounts of the BENZENE toxin.

Benzene is a toxin that affects your kidneys and liver. What's worse, it is extremely difficult for your body to expel this toxic stuff.

So friends, please open the windows and doors of your car - give it some time for the interior to air out -(dispel the deadly stuff) - before you enter the vehicle.

Thought:  
'When someone shares something of value with you and you benefit from it, you have a moral obligation to share it with others.'
 
 
 
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First Iron Dome and now this.
 
Thanks to Doctor Rich
 
Now if we can just reliably find IED's ...
 
Rafael's Trophy system has intercepted five anti-tank missiles aimed at armored IDF vehicles in Gaza.
While nine Iron Dome batteries scattered around Israel protect the lives of millions of Israeli citizens, Israel Defense Forces (IDF) tanks and armored vehicles operating in the Gaza Strip have their own Iron Dome: Operation Protective Edge is the first real test of Wind Jacket (known internationally as Trophy), the first-of-its-kind active-defense system for tanks and armored personnel carriers (APCs). The defense system was developed by Iron Dome developer and manufacturer Rafael Advanced Defense Systems Ltd. and was first used in late 2010. The system has since been declared operational, and is installed on Merkava 4 tanks, the newest tanks in the IDF Armored Corps fleet, and on the Namer APCs (APCs built on a Merkava tank frame). According to reports from the front, since the beginning of the ground operation last Thursday night, the system has successfully intercepted five anti-tank missiles that were aimed at armored IDF vehicles in Gaza.
RELATED ARTICLES
 
 
The defense system is based on radar from Israel Aerospace Industries Ltd. (IAI) (TASE: ARSP.B1) unit ELTA Systems, which identifies anti-tank or RPG fire headed towards the armored vehicle. When the threat is identified, the system works automatically, with no need for the tank crew to be aware of, or to operate it in real time: it calculates the rocket or missile's trajectory, and, if it finds that it is headed for the vehicle on which it is installed, it intercepts and detonates it at a safe distance from the vehicle. The first successful interception was in March 2011, when an RPG-7 rocket was intercepted above an IDF tank on patrol along the Gaza border. In addition, the system informs the tank crew of the exact location from which the missile or rocket was launched, so the crew can return fire accurately and hit the target.
Impressive technology
With the successful development of Trophy, Rafael has left many weapons companies around the world, which have been trying for many years to find a solution for the growing threat of anti-tank missiles, in the dust. Rafael has been working on developing the groundbreaking system for more than twenty years. Following the Second Lebanon War, in 2006, the urgency of finding means of reducing the vulnerability of tanks to anti-tank missiles was reprioritized, as new anti-tank missiles came into use, including the Russian-made Kornet and Metis missiles. A significant portion of the damage sustained by the Israeli Armored Corps in southern Lebanon in 2006 was from such missiles.
Last month, the annual Israel Defense Prize event took place at the President's Residence inJerusalem. Most of the winning technologies cannot be described, or even hinted at, due to their extremely sensitive nature. It is only possible to say that the joint Ministry of Defense-Rafael team that led the Trophy development was among teams that won the prize. "One of the most impressive things about Trophy is that, until today, no one in the world has successfully implemented such a system for combat use," a senior defense source said a few weeks ago, "Perhaps they succeeded making a demonstration with all sorts of trials, but they have not succeeded in making it operational. The system must react in a fraction of a second, to identify the missile, to shoot, and to destroy it, and on the other hand, it also needs to be super-safe, and it cannot make a mistake and deploy accidentally. This is an automated system, and part of its complexity lies in that it cannot operate against helicopters or other tanks near the vehicle it is defending in the battlefield. Just the fact that it deploys itself in situations when a missile is fired and it must react in a fraction of a second is an extremely impressive technological feat."
Trophy interceptions are deployed at a significant distance from the targeted vehicle - this is so that ground troops operating near it will not be harmed by the blast, despite the fact that it is a fully-autonomous firing system. "When we received the safety approval for this system, it was one of the pinnacle moments," said a senior Rafael developer who worked on the system. "Our goal was for this system to be safe, and to be able to fulfill its role in a way that would allow the Armored Corps both safety and combat maneuverability."
Since late 2010, every Merkava tank that leaves the Maintenance and Reconstruction Center in Tel Hashomer, which includes the Ministry of Defense and IDF tank administration and manufactures the Merkava 4 tanks, carries the system, which gives it 360° defense.
Following Trophy's success in December 2012, Rafael announced a partnership with DRS Technologies. At the center of the partnership between the two companies is adapting Trophy for the US Army's Ground Forces. Last month, Rafael unveiled a new application of the system, which allows relatively small vehicles, such as Jeeps, operating regularly in defense situations to be protected from RPGs and anti-tank missiles. This version of the system is called Trophy LV.
Published by Globes [online], Israel business news - www.globes-online.com - on July 20, 2014
© Copyright of Globes Publisher Itonut (1983) Ltd. 2014
 
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Thanks to Doctor Rich
 
Hi friends,
 
It was 45 years ago on July 20, 1969 that two Americans, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin, first landed on the moon and that was just 66 years after two other Americans, first-Orville, then-Wilbur Wright, first flew a heavier-than-air craft at Kittyhawk, NC on Dec. 17, 1903.
 
Read the story below about Apollo 11's mishaps: then read the rest of the story (about the splashdown) at this link.
 
 
In that chronicle, the Commander of Pacific Fleet Weather Central, Captain Willard "Sam" Houston, Jr. was my first father-in-law who passed away in 2012. He was a great and generous, yet humble, man with a good natured sense of humor. In the Pacific in WWII he began Navy life as an apprentice seaman eventually working his way up to captain. Along the way, he earned a Ph.D. in Meteorology.

Mike
 
 
Apollo 11's scariest moments: perils of the 1st manned moon landing
 
By Rod Pyle, SPACE.com Contributor
Published July 22, 2014
 
Apollo 11 was four minutes into its landing sequence when the terse words of its commander, Neil Armstrong, came from the speaker in Mission Control:
"Program alarm."
Buzz Aldrin, sitting next to Armstrong in the descending Lunar Module, stared at the frozen display on the computer, which read "1202." It was an error code, but for what? Controllers in Houston scanned their notes trying to figure out what the heck the problem was. But time was running short. [45th Anniversary of Apollo 11: Complete Coverage]
"Give us a reading on that program alarm," Armstrong said. He sounded tense, but no more so than during the simulations. It was hard to grasp that a life-or-death struggle was playing out 240,000 miles (386,000 kilometers) from Earth, in a small, fragile machine descending rapidly to the moon. Communications were spotty; the computer was threatening to quit, and Gene Kranz, the flight director for this first lunar landing, felt Mission Control slip a bit further behind the power curve.
A risky moonshot
Most people knew that going to the moon was risky. Some outside of Mission Control, listening to the tense communication between the astronauts and Houston, understood what some of the urgency meant. But few, very few, knew the scope of the dangers that the crew faced. These were no longer theoretical; they were being played out in space at that very moment.
Key players in the landing of Apollo 11, including Kranz, related the stakes to me these many decades later. "We would either land on the moon, we would crash attempting to land, or we would abort," he said simply. "The final two outcomes were not good."
That is an understatement on a grand scale.
Approaching the moon
The problems began immediately upon separation from the Command Module in which Armstrong, Aldrin and Michael Collins had ridden to the moon. (Collins would remain in the Command Module as Armstrong and Aldrin landed.) Mission Control was having trouble with the radio link to the Lunar Module.
"It was purely my decision how much information was enough," Kranz recalled. "This is now going through my mind: 'Do I have enough information to continue?' And the answer is yes" — but barely. "I gave the crew the go for powered descent," that is, to begin the rocket-braked landing, "and we immediately lost communications again."
Aldrin had adjusted the antenna, and Mission Control had done what they could on their end, but the radio connection just kept on fading in and out. If it got much worse, Kranz would have to order an abort. [Apollo 11 Quiz: Are You a Moon Maven?]
As flight controllers on Earth struggled with communication issues and spotty radar data, the master alarm sounded in the LM's cabin, also lighting console warnings in Mission Control. The landing computer was signaling an overload; the 1202 alarm it displayed was an error code that meant, in effect, "I have too much to do, so I am going to stop, reboot and start over." Had this occurred, mission rules would have called for an immediate abort as their ability to navigate the landing would be compromised. The computer was receiving more data than it could handle.
The events startled Aldrin; the code was unfamiliar to him. "We couldn't look it up in the book to see what the problem was 'cause we were watching where we were going!" he said. Neil Armstrong waited a bit, then tersely asked Houston for clarification.
Back on Earth
On the ground, Controller Steve Bales made the call: It was OK to continue, so long as the alarm was intermittent. "In the middle of landing, it was almost as dangerous to try to abort with a bad computer as it was to carry on with the landing," Bales said. "So balancing risk versus risk, we decided that the safest thing would be to continue to land." [Amazing Moon Photos from Apollo 11]
CAPCOM [Capsule Communicator] Charlie Duke, a fellow astronaut, relayed the message to space: "We're go on that alarm!" Then, within minutes, the computer spit out another alarm: 1201. But it was the same class of warning, so they continued. "Same type, we're go," Duke radioed.
At this point, Buzz Aldrin was concentrating on the instrument displays, calling off the numbers for altitude, speed and other critical data as Armstrong took over manual control of the landing.
But there was another problem — they were not where they were supposed to be.
Aldrin recalled: "In the commander's window was a grid, a vertical line with marks on it. And this was calibrated to [Armstrong's] height and his eye level." Taking cues from the computer, the commander could check against this grid to determine the LM's position over the moon. Now, it told them that they were coming in "long," or downrange. Between the lumpy gravity of the moon and some extra speed picked up when they undocked from the Command Module, Armstrong and Aldrin had overshot the predicted landing zone.
An unwelcoming view glared at Armstrong. Where the orbital maps indicated a smooth plain, there was instead a vast crater field and collections of truck-sized boulders. Flying manually and low on fuel, Armstrong leveled off and searched for a smooth spot.
"I was looking at my trajectory plot," Charlie Duke remembers, "[and] Neil leveled off at about 400 feet [122 meters] and was whizzing across the surface … It was far from what we had trained for and seen in the simulations. So I started getting a little nervous, and they weren't telling us what was wrong. It was just that they were flying this strange trajectory."
In fact, they were flying for their lives.
Running low on fuel
With a rapidly diminishing fuel supply, they would soon reach the 60-second mark — one minute to a mandatory abort. And it was uncertain whether or not an abort, a forced staging and emergency ignition of the ascent engine, would even be possible at this altitude.
"You never [want to] go under the 'Dead Man's Curve,'" said Controller Bales. "It was an altitude [where] you just don't have enough time to do an abort before you had crashed … Essentially, you're a dead man."
CAPCOM Duke called the 60-second fuel warning. Armstrong focused intently on a smooth spot ahead. Aldrin continued calling out the speed and range. [Buzz Aldrin's Thoughts Just Before Moon Landing (Video)]
"We heard the call of 60 seconds, and a low-level light came on. That, I'm sure, caused concern in the control center," Aldrin recalled with a smile. "They probably normally expected us to land with about two minutes of fuel left. And here we were, still a hundred feet [30 m] above the surface, at 60 seconds."
It was a critical phase. "Then there's another call for 30 seconds," Kranz recalled. "And at about that time, you know, you really start to suck air, and I'm seriously thinking, now we have this land-abort decision that the crew is faced with. Are they going to have sufficient fuel to land on the moon, or are they going to have to abort very close to the lunar surface?"
"When it got down to 30 seconds, we were about 10 feet [3 m] or less" from the surface, Aldrin said. "I could sneak a look out, because at that point, I don't think Neilcared what the numbers were. He was looking at the outside. I could see a shadow of the sun being behind us."
In fact, the descent engine was kicking up so much dust at this altitude that the shadow and a few boulders sticking up through the haze were all Armstrong could use to gauge the remaining distance to the surface.
Then, a long metal rod that extended from the landing legs touched the lunar plain, signaling their arrival. A blue light on the console came on — "CONTACT LIGHT" — and the landing was over.
"Houston, Tranquility Base here … the Eagle has landed," Armstrong said in laconic tones.
Apollo 11, on the moon
In Mission Control, there was a moment of continued silence.
"It took us a couple seconds to really realize that we had made it. And then the people in the viewing room start stomping, and I mean just cheering and clapping and stomping their feet," Kranz remembered. "I'm so tied up emotionally at this time that I literally cannot speak, and I've got to get my team back on track." It took a physical act to get him back to reality. "I rapped my arm on the console — and break my pencil! — and finally get back on track and call my controllers to attention. I say, 'OK, all you flight controllers, settle down. OK. Let's get back on with it.'"
But the moon had more mischief in store, even though the crew had successfully touched down. Armstrong and Aldrin had "safed" the LM, shutting down the landing systems and performing their post-landing checklist. Everything looked good on the moon. But in Mission Control,  it was a different story.
Within minutes, the consoles monitoring the Lunar Module's descent stage signaled a potentially dangerous pressure buildup in a descent-engine fuel line.
Dick Dunne, Grumman's PR man for Apollo, recalled the critical moment. The extreme cold from the lunar surface was creeping into the descent stage after engine shutdown. "The cold permeated a fuel line, and caused a blockage … which was immediately reported back by telemetry to Mission Control in Houston. That gave us cause for alarm," he remembered.
A plug of ice was blocking a fuel line. It might melt, or it might cause a relief disk to blow, relieving the pressure. Or it might cause a catastrophic explosion. Nobody could be sure.
To moonwalk, or not to moonwalk
As Kranz debated whether or not to tell the astronauts, there was a quick conference among the flight controllers and the Grumman reps. "There was some thought given to aborting the exploration of the moon and to initiate the launch sequence right away," Dunne recalled. "However, the heat that came out of the engine melted the ice that had formed, and the problem went away." Pressures in the engine returned to normal. Controllers breathed a heavy sigh of relief, even as the astronauts continued their checklists, unaware.
Within three hours, Armstrong and Aldrin were ready to explore the moon. But as they prepared to exit the Lunar Module, yet another issue cropped up: They could not get all the air out of the LM. The astronauts opened the valve and watched as the oxygen vented out … but even as it read zero, they could not get the hatch open. There was still too much pressure inside the lander.
"We tried to pull the door open, and it wouldn't come open," Aldrin said. "We thought, 'Well, I wonder if we're going to get out or not?' It took an abnormal time for it to finally get to a point where we felt we could pull on a fairly flimsy door." ['Magnificent Desolation': Aldrin's View on the Moon (Video)]
In fact, Aldrin eventually resorted to peeling back one edge of the front hatch … but carefully. "You don't wanna rupture that door and leave yourself in a vacuum for the rest of the mission!" he recalled with a chuckle.
Armstrong maneuvered toward the open hatch, aided by Aldrin. As Armstrong twisted his bulky suit to head out, unheard in the vacuum of the cabin, something small snapped. Armstrong's backpack had broken off the ascent engine arming switch. But upon their preparation to leave the moon some 21 hours later, Armstrong calmly flipped the broken stub with a ballpoint pen. Another crisis averted, this time courtesy of the Fisher Space Pen. 
Homeward bound
On July 21, the LM's ascent engine lifted Armstrong and Aldrin back up to Mike Collins in the Command Module. With the crew docked and reunited, their lives depended on one more event critical to leave lunar orbit and head home. The rocket engine at the rear of the Apollo Command/Service module, the SPS, had to ignite to break them free of lunar orbit.
"That service propulsion system has got to work," Kranz said. "Single option, big engine, that's the only thing that's going to get you home." With the LM used up and discarded, there was no backup. Worse yet, the SPS firing would occur when the astronauts were on the far side of the moon and out of contact with Houston. As some controllers would later remember, those last minutes of radio silence were the mission's longest.
The SPS engine fired, and Apollo 11 left the clutches of the moon and sped home to a fiery re-entry on July 24. The entry angle was critical; at 25,000 mph (40,200 km/h), there was not much room for error.
Kranz recalled those final moments of the mission: "It's a difficult time, a lonely time for the controller, because there's only one thought in every controller's mind: 'Did I get them to do everything we needed to? Is my data right?'" He grimaced at the memory.  "No more givebacks … We've trained well. They have confidence in us. We have confidence in them. And then it's up to them and the spacecraft to finish off the mission."
Apollo 11's mission ended in the tropical Pacific Ocean, splashing down near Wake Island. In Mission Control, Gene Kranz and his team celebrated by clapping and passing out Churchill cigars. The first manned lunar landing was complete, and five more crews would follow to the moon's surface, conducting increasingly ambitious, and still highly risky, missions. But above it all, in Kranz' memory, is the overwhelming nature of the accomplishment. As he put it, "What America will dare, America will do."
Rod Pyle, an historian and science writer, is the author of "Destination Moon" (2007, Smithsonian Books) and "Missions to the Moon" (2009, Sterling). His latest book is "Curiosity: An Inside Look at the Mars Rover Mission and the People Who Made It Happen" (2014, Prometheus Books).
end of content
 
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Nine Thoughts to Ponder
 
 
Number 9-
Death is the number 1 killer in the world.
 
Number 8-
Life is sexually transmitted.
 
Number 7-
Good health is merely the slowest possible rate at which one can die.
 
Number 6-
Men have two emotions: hungry and horny, and they can't tell them apart. If you see a gleam in his eyes, make him a sandwich.
 
Number 5-
Give a person a fish and you feed them for a day. Teach a person to use the internet and they won't bother you for weeks, months, maybe years.
 
Number 4-
Health nuts are going to feel stupid someday, lying in the hospital, dying of nothing.
 
Number 3-
All of us could take a lesson from the weather. It pays no attention to criticism.
 
Number 2-
In the 60's, people took acid to make the world weird. Now the world is weird, and people take Prozac to make it normal.
 
Number 1-
Life is like a jar of jalapeno peppers.  What you do today might burn your ass tomorrow.
 
...and as someone recently said to me:
 
Don't worry about old age; it doesn't last that long.
 
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   A Little Poem, so true it hurts!
Another year has passed
And we're all a little older.
Last summer felt hotter
And winter seems much colder.
There was a time not long ago
When life was quite a blast.
Now I fully understand
About 'Living in the Past'
We used to go to weddings,
Football games and lunches..
Now we go to funeral homes
And  suffer body aches
And wile the night away.
We used to go out dining,
And couldn't get our fill.
Now we ask for doggie bags,
Come home and take a pill.
We used to often travel
To places near and far.
Now we get sore rear ends
Just riding in the car.
We used to go to nightclubs
And have a drink or two.
Now we stay home at night
And watch the evening news.
That, my friend is how life is,
And now my tale is told.
So, enjoy each day and live it up...
Before you're too darned old!
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item Number:1 Date: 07/28/2014 CAMEROON - WIFE OF TOP OFFICIAL ABDUCTED BY BOKO HARAM (JUL 28/VOA)  VOICE OF AMERICA NEWS -- Boko Haram fighters from Nigeria are suspected in two high-profile kidnappings in Cameroon, reports the Voice of America News.   On Sunday, militants kidnapped Seini Boukar Lamine, the mayor of the border town of Kolofata in Cameroon near Nigeria's Borno state, said residents.   Lamine is also the local religious leader, noted Reuters.   At least three people were killed in the incident, said the wire service.   Also Sunday, militants abducted the wife of Ahmadou Ali, a deputy prime minister, said officials. The vice prime minister was taken to a neighboring town by his security officials, an official from Cameroon told Reuters.   The abductees were reportedly taken across the border into Nigeria.  
 
  Item Number:2 Date: 07/28/2014 CHINA - ANTI-SATELLITE MISSILE TESTED BY CHINESE MILITARY, ASSERTS U.S. (JUL 28/DIPLOMAT)  DIPLOMAT -- The United States says a Chinese missile that was tested last week is designed to shoot down a satellite in orbit.   Last Wednesday, Chinese state media announced the military had successfully carried out a "land-based anti-missile technology experiment," reports the Diplomat.   This was the third test of its kind announced by Beijing. The first took place in January 2010; the second in January of last year.   A U.S. State Dept. spokeswoman said on Friday that China had made a "non-destructive" test of a missile designed to destroy satellites.   A previous "destructive" test of the system in 2007 left thousands of pieces of dangerous debris in orbit, she said.   Last week, state media in China referred to the test as being designed to strengthen its defense against ballistic missiles.   Back To Top | Back To Headlines  Item Number:3 Date: 07/28/2014 GEORGIA - DECISION MADE TO REDUCE MILITARY CONTINGENT IN AFGHANISTAN TO 750 (JUL 28/INT-AVN)  INTERFAX-MILITARY NEWS AGENCY -- The Georgian government plans to make a significant reduction in its military contingent in Afghanistan, reports Interfax-AVN (Russia).   "The prime minister and I have made a political decision to halve our participation in the future NATO operation, reducing it to 750 troops," Defense Minister Irakly Alasaniya told Parliament on Friday.   The reduced Georgian contingent will consist of a company in Mazar-e-Sharif in northern Afghanistan and a battalion in Bagram, the minister said.  
 
  Item Number:4 Date: 07/28/2014 INDIA - COUNTERTERRORISM ACADEMY UNDER SERIOUS CONSIDERATION (JUL 28/TI)  TIMES OF INDIA -- The Indian government is considering the establishment of a counterterrorism academy for its security forces, reports the Times of India.   The proposed academy is part of the government's efforts to realign counterterrorism efforts to deal with external dangers such as Al-Qaida and the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) as well as evolving domestic threats, such as Indian Mujahideen and SIMI, said sources in the Home Ministry.   Plans call for the academy to have a training center, a center of excellence in forensics and a think tank to focus on internal security issues, said a senior Home Ministry official.   The eventual goal is to create a South Asian hub for counterterrorism research and training
 
  Item Number:5 Date: 07/28/2014 INDIA - INQUIRY ORDERED INTO FATAL AIR FORCE HELICOPTER CRASH (JUL 28/NDTV)  NDTV -- The Indian air force has ordered a court of inquiry to establish the cause of a helicopter crash last week, according to NDTV (India).   The helicopter crashed Friday in the Sitapur district of the northern Uttar Pradesh state, reports the Press Trust of India.   The Dhruv helicopter took off from Bareilly in Uttar Pradesh and was traveling towards Allahabad when it went down near Manipurwa.   The helicopter was engulfed in flames as it crashed, said police officials.   All seven people onboard were to be killed, according to the air force
 
Item Number:6 Date: 07/28/2014 ISRAEL - CEASE-FIRES DON'T HOLD; U.N. CALLS FOR IMMEDIATE TRUCE (JUL 28/WSJ)  WALL STREET JOURNAL -- Fighting has continued in Gaza after several declared truces proved to be short-lived.   A 12-hour humanitarian truce on Saturday was largely followed, but Israel and Hamas could not agree on terms to extend it, reports the Wall Street Journal.   That agreement ended when Hamas militants fired rockets into Israel Sunday morning, said officials.   Earlier, the Palestinian group agreed to a U.N. request for a 24-hour extension of the truce, said Israeli officials. At least 22 rocket attacks took place, reported AFP.   Hamas declared a 24-hour cease-fire late on Sunday in honor of Eid al-Fitr, the end of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan, but other militant groups continued rocket attacks, reported KGS Nightwatch.   Israel said it would ease its air, sea and land attacks on Gaza to mark the holiday, while noting its military would retaliate against strikes during that time.   At a meeting late Sunday night into Monday morning, the United Nations Security Council called for an immediate cease-fire.  
 
  Item Number:7 Date: 07/28/2014 LIBYA - WITH VIOLENCE ON UPSWING, WESTERN EMBASSIES SUSPEND OPERATIONS (JUL 28/BLOOMBERG)  BLOOMBERG NEWS -- A number of Western governments have warned their citizens to leave Libya because of the deteriorating security situation.   On Sunday, shots were fired at U.K. Embassy vehicles in an attempted carjacking. No one was hurt, British Ambassador to Libya Michael Aron said, as reported by Bloomberg News.   On Saturday, the United States Embassy ordered all of its staffers to evacuate, citing increased instability in the country. American nationals in Libya were also advised to leave.   "Freewheeling militia violence" in Tripoli "presents a very real risk for our personnel, so we are suspending our current diplomatic activities at the embassy, not closing the embassy but suspending the activities," commented U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry.   After the convoy attack, the British Foreign Office advised all Britons in Libya to leave immediately, reported the BBC.   The Netherlands has also recommended that Dutch citizens leave Libya.   Separately, at least 36 people were reported killed in clashes over the weekend in Benghazi in the east, where Islamist militias have been fighting with troops.  
 
  Item Number:8 Date: 07/28/2014 MALI - FRENCH TROOPS SECURE CRASH SITE; TERRORIST ATTACK RULED OUT (JUL 28/NYT)  NEW YORK TIMES -- French soldiers have secured the crash site of an Air Algerie jetliner in Mali, reports the New York Times.   On Monday, the troops released video of experts and troops at the site, reported Reuters.   The wreckage of Flight 5017 was found by an international search team just before nightfall on Thursday in a remote area about 60 miles south of the town of Gao in eastern Mali.   A French Reaper surveillance drone first spotted the wreckage of the Boeing MD-83, which had 118 people on board, said a French Defense Ministry spokesman.   A detachment of 100 French troops and 30 vehicles left Gao for the site early on Friday, said Defense Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian.   The French government ruled out an attack from the ground on the airliner, saying the evidence suggests the plane was fully intact when it hit the ground, said officials. Weather is believed to have caused the crash.  
 
  Item Number:9 Date: 07/28/2014 NORTH KOREA - HAMAS LOOKING TO PYONGYANG TO REPLACE MISSILE STOCKS, SAY OFFICIALS (JUL 28/DTL)  DAILY TELEGRAPH (LONDON) -- Western security officials say Hamas has been trying to strike an arms deal with North Korea for missiles and communications commitment, reports the Daily Telegraph (U.K.).   The deal, said to be worth hundreds of thousands of dollars, is being handled by a Lebanese-based trading company linked to the terrorist organization, said the Western officials.   "Hamas needs to replenish its stocks of missiles because of the large numbers it has fired at Israel in recent weeks," said a Western security official.   The government in Pyongang has existing ties to a number of Middle Eastern militant groups, noted an official.   The security officials said that Hamas has made an initial cash downpayment in an attempt to secure the deal.   North Korea is also believed to have advised Hamas on how to build its extensive tunnel network under Gaza to be used against Israel, reported the Jerusalem Post
 
Item Number:10 Date: 07/28/2014 NORTH KOREA - MISSILE TEST HELD TO MARK KOREAN WAR ARMISTICE (JUL 28/AFP)  AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE -- North Korea has carried out another ballistic missile test, reports Agence France-Presse.   On Saturday, the army carried out a "rocket-firing drill" to simulate a strike on military bases in South Korea, said the official KCNA news agency.   North Korean leader Kim Jong Un guided the rocket-firing drill, state media said Sunday.   The launch marked the July 27 anniversary of the cease-fire agreement at the end of the Korean War in 1953, KCNA said.   A South Korean official said the missile flew about 510 miles across the country before landing in the sea, reported the Wall Street Journal.   On July 17, the U.N. Security Council officially condemned North Korea for its recent series of ballistic missile tests that violated U.N. resolutions.  
 
  Item Number:11 Date: 07/28/2014 PERU - MARINES TO GET 32 ARMORED VEHICLES IN US$67 DEAL (JUL 28/GDLSCAN)  GENERAL DYNAMICS LAND SYSTEMS-CANADA -- The Peruvian Defense Ministry has ordered nearly three dozen Light Armored Vehicles (LAVs) for its marine corps, according to General Dynamics Land Systems-Canada, the manufacturer of the vehicle.   The US$67 million deal covers 32 LAV IIs in an armored personnel carrier configuration with amphibious capability, according to a company release on Thursday.   The deal also includes a complete logistics support package, said the company.   Deliveries are scheduled to begin by mid-2015
 
Item Number:12 Date: 07/28/2014 PHILIPPINES - ABU SAYYAF GUNMEN KILL 21 VILLAGERS IN ROAD ATTACK IN SULU (JUL 28/INQ)  INQUIRER -- At least 21 people have been killed and 11 wounded in the Philippines when their vehicles were attacked by the Abu Sayyaf Group, reports the Philippine Inquirer.   On Monday morning, gunmen opened fire on two vehicles in the municipality of Talipao in Sulu province, authorities said.   The civilians were traveling to celebrate the end of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan with their families, said officials.   Around 50 attackers commanded by Abu Sayyaf leaders Idang Susukan and Sibih Pisih were involved, said military officials.   Among those attacked were members of the Barangay Peacekeeping Action Team, a civilian security force that has clashed with Abu Sayyaf, said officials
 
Item Number:13 Date: 07/28/2014 PHILIPPINES - C-130T TRANSPORTS SOUGHT FROM PENTAGON (JUL 28/DSCA)  U.S. DEFENSE SECURITY COOPERATION AGENCY -- The Pentagon has announced the possible sale to the Philippines of two used C-130T Hercules aircraft for around US$61 million, reports the Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA).   The potential sale includes two transport aircraft from Pentagon inventory and 10 T56-16 engines (including two spares), said a DSCA release.   The request also includes associated equipment, parts, training and logistical support for three years, said the agency.   The DSCA notified Congress of the potential sale on July 23. The legislature has 30 days to block the deal should it choose to do so
 
Item Number:14 Date: 07/28/2014 RUSSIA - ATTACK SUBMARINE, MISSILE SUB ENTER NAVY SERVICE (JUL 28/RIAN)  RUSSIAN INFORMATION AGENCY NEWS -- The Russian navy is commissioning two new submarines, reports RIA Novosti.   Service entry was set for the weekend in time for Navy Day on July 28.   Entering the navy are the Severodvinsk, the lead boat in a new class of nuclear-powered attack submarines, and the Borei-class ballistic missile submarine Alexander Nevsky.   Construction of the Severodvinsk started in 1993, but was significantly delayed due to financial problems in Russia. The sub was launched in 2010.   The Alexander Nevsky is the first series-built submarine in the Borei class. These boats are equipped with the new Bulava intercontinental ballistic missiles
 
  Item Number:15 Date: 07/28/2014 RUSSIA - MIG-29 CRASHES; PILOT GOES DOWN WITH PLANE (JUL 28/AFP)  AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE -- The Russian air force says a MiG-29 crashed in the southern part of the country on Sunday, killing the pilot, reports Agence France-Presse.   The head of Russia's air force blamed the incident on a technical fault.   "According to initial data, the reason for the accident was a failure of aviation equipment," said Gen. Viktor Bondarev.   The accident took place during a test flight over the Astrakhan region, a Defense Ministry spokesman said.   The pilot declined to eject in an unsuccessful attempt to save the plane, said the spokesman
 
Item Number:16 Date: 07/28/2014 SINGAPORE - F-15 FIGHTERS WRAP UP INITIAL AIR COMBAT EXERCISE IN NEV. (JUL 28/SIMOD)  SINGAPORE MINISTRY OF DEFENSE -- Singapore air force F-15SG fighters have just completed their first Red Flag exercises at Nellis Air Force Base, Nev., reports the Singapore Ministry of Defense.   The July 14-26 drills involved eight Singapore F-15SGs, eight F-16C/Ds, three CH-47 helicopters and about 290 personnel.   Another 83 aircraft took part, including U.S. Air Force F-22, F-15, F-16 and EA-18G jets and E-3 airborne early warning and control system (AWACS) aircraft, as well as a French air force C-130 transport.   The drills involve air combat and strike operations in realistic, high-threat environments.   Taking part gave the Singapore air force an opportunity to evaluate itself against other top air forces, said service officials
 
  Item Number:17 Date: 07/28/2014 TUNISIA - POTENTIAL DEAL WITH U.S. INCLUDES 12 BLACK HAWK HELICOPTERS (JUL 28/DSCA)  U.S. DEFENSE SECURITY COOPERATION AGENCY -- The Tunisian government wants to purchase utility helicopters from the United States, the U.S. Defense Security Cooperation Agency has informed Congress.   The potential US$700 million Foreign Military Sale covers 12 UH-60M Black Hawk helicopters in a standard U.S. government configuration with designated unique equipment and government furnished equipment, according to a DSCA release last week.   The U.S. State Dept. has cleared the purchase, said the release on Thursday.   According to the DSCA, the proposed procurement would also include 30 T700-GE-701D engines, including six spares; 26 embedded GPS/inertial navigation systems; 24 M134 7.62-mm machine guns; and a precision-guided rocket capability permitting the launch of laser-guided 2.75-inch (70-mm) rockets.   In addition: 9,100 2.75-inch Hydra rockets; 100 AGM-114R Hellfire missiles; 20 machine guns; 15 Wescam MX-15Di or Brite Star II electro-optical infrared laser designators; six aviation mission planning systems; a variety of communications and support equipment; spare and repair parts; training; and technical support.   The purchase would improve Tunisia's homeland defense and counterterrorism capabilities, said the agency.   Congress has 30 days to review the potential deal
 
Item Number:18 Date: 07/28/2014 UKRAINE - INVESTIGATORS TURN BACK AS FIGHTING INTENSIFIES NEAR SITE OF DOWNED AIRCRAFT (JUL 28/REU)  REUTERS -- Ukrainian troops are advancing on separatist positions near the site of a downed Malaysian civilian airliner, Reuters reports.   At least three civilians were killed in overnight fighting in the Donetsk region of eastern Ukraine, officials said Monday.   Troops recaptured Savur Mogila, a strategic piece of high ground about 30 km (18.6 mi) from where Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 was shot down on July 17, the officials said.   U.S. officials say the aircraft was shot down by a Russian-made SA-11 missile -- likely by pro-Russian rebels who thought it was a military aircraft.   On Sunday, a column of Ukrainian armored personnel carriers, trucks and tanks entered the town of Shakhtarsk, 15 km (9.3 mi) west of the MH17 crash site, Russian state news agency RIA Novosti reported.   After the fighting intensified in the area on Sunday, a team of Dutch and Australian police officers postponed their planned deployment to the site to examine evidence and search for bodies, according to CNN. They turned back again on Monday.  
 
  Item Number:19 Date: 07/28/2014 UNITED KINGDOM - TRAINING COMPLETE, RAF TORNADO SQUADRON READY FOR AFGHAN DEPLOYMENT (JUL 28/UKMOD)  U.K. MINISTRY OF DEFENSE -- The Royal Air Force's 31 Squadron will be the last British Tornado GR4 unit to serve in Afghanistan when its deployment begins soon, reports the U.K. Ministry of Defense.   The unit, based at RAF Marham, is to replace IX (Bomber) Squadron at Kandahar Airfield, said Wing Commander Richard Yates, the squadron commander.   The 31 Squadron will deploy for four months to perform reconnaissance and strike missions in support of troops on the ground, said a ministry release on Friday.   Last week, the unit completed training exercises this month designed to simulate conditions and missions that they will face in Afghanistan, the ministry said.   The U.K. has decided to withdraw all combat force by the end of the year
 
Item Number:20 Date: 07/28/2014 USA - AFTER THOUSANDS OF MISSIONS IN AFGHANISTAN, UNMANNED HELICOPTER RETURNS TO U.S. (JUL 28/LM)  LOCKHEED MARTIN -- Lockheed Martin and Kaman Aerospace have brought home their unmanned helicopter that was serving with the U.S. Marine Corps in Afghanistan, reports Lockheed.   The K-Max helicopter lifted more than 4.5 million pounds of cargo during thousands of delivery missions in Afghanistan, according to a Lockheed release last week.   In 2011, the aircraft became the first unmanned helicopter to deliver cargo in theater for the Marines.   The use of the K-Max reduced the number of truck resupply convoys and their troop escorts, which were more vulnerable to attacks by insurgents and improvised explosive devices, noted the release
 
Item Number:21 Date: 07/28/2014 USA - MISS. SEABEE BATTALION CASES COLORS AFTER NEARLY 50 YEARS OF SERVICE (JUL 28/GSH)  GULFPORT SUN HERALD -- A Navy Seabee unit in Mississippi that began service in World War II has been deactivated, reports the Sun-Herald (Miss.).   Naval Mobile Construction Battalion 74, known as the "Fearless 74," cased its colors Friday during a Friday in Gulfport.   The unit was first activated in 1943 in Williamsburg, Va. It was decommissioned in 1945 and then recommissioned in December 1966.   Since then, the unit has served in every major conflict involving the United States.   "Fearless 74" earned 11 Battle Effectiveness Awards, most recently in 2007.   The battalion also responded to hurricanes along the Gulf coast, including Hurricane Katrina in 2005.  
 
  Item Number:22 Date: 07/28/2014 USA - NEW LEADERS CONFIRMED FOR ISAF, MARINES, SOCOM (JUL 28/ARMY)  ARMY TIMES -- The U.S. Senate has confirmed several senior officers for new posts, reports the Army Times.   Following the Senate action last week, Gen. John Campbell will become the next commander of NATO's International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan. The Army vice chief of staff is replacing Marine Gen. Joseph Dunford.   Dunford was also confirmed as the next commandant of the Marine Corps.   In addition, Army Lt. Gen. Joseph Votel was confirmed to head U.S. Special Operations Command. He will succeed Adm. William McRaven.  
 
  Item Number:23 Date: 07/28/2014 USA - PLANS SET FOR LITTORAL SHIP TO TEST NORWEGIAN ANTI-SHIP MISSILE (JUL 28/NTIMES)  NAVY TIMES -- The U.S. Navy has confirmed its test plans in Southern California for a Norwegian anti-ship missile onboard one of its new littoral combat ships, reports the Navy Times.   The Navy said last week that the Coronado will test the Kongsberg Naval Strike Missile (NSM) this fall off Point Mugu, Calif.   Earlier in July, the Norwegian frigate Fridtjof Nansen successfully launched the NSM during the multinational Rim of the Pacific drills off Hawaii.   The U.S. littoral combat ships have not had a surface attack missile since the Army cancelled development of the Non-Line-of-Sight Launch System (NLOS-LS) in 2011. The Navy is seeking to develop the Hellfire anti-tank missile as a replacement.   The Navy emphasized that the upcoming NSM trials are not in response to any specific requirement.   The tests will focus on the feasibility of the platform for an expanded surface warfare role as well as evaluate the capabilities of the missile, according to the service.  
 
Item Number:24 Date: 07/28/2014 YEMEN - KIDNAPPED BRITON RELEASED AFTER 5 MONTHS; RANSOM REPORTEDLY PAID (JUL 28/DTL)  DAILY TELEGRAPH (LONDON) -- Militants in Yemen have released a British schoolteacher abducted more than five months ago after receiving a ransom worth 50 million rials (US$232,700), reports the Daily Telegraph (U.K.).   Mike Harvey, who taught English in the Yemeni capital of Sanaa, was released on Friday, British officials said. He was kidnapped on Feb. 12.   The Foreign Office said Sunday that preparations were being made for his return home, reported Reuters.   Harvey was released after the Yemeni government made contact with the kidnappers though tribal intermediaries, British officials said. The abductors were said to be tribesmen from Jawf governate.   Unconfirmed reports claimed that three high-ranking Al-Qaida operatives were released in exchange for Harvey.   The British Foreign Office refused to comment on details of the exchange.


 

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